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 Late symptoms of leukemia

What are the late symptoms of leukemia? How is it diagnosed? Continue to find out more information in this article.

Late symptoms of leukemia

Leukemia affects both children and adults, but some wonder about the late symptoms of leukemia? What are the ways to diagnose it? Read on for more information in the following article:


Late symptoms of leukemia

The most prominent late symptoms of leukemia are the following:

1. Weakness

In most cases, the patient is very weak, especially in the final stages of cancer, as the patient finds it difficult to move and get out of bed, and some will also suffer from sudden involuntary muscle movements, such as shaking hands, and arms, legs, or face.


2. Confusion

Most leukemia patients experience confusion about when, where, or who people are, as their attention span may be short and they may have problems focusing on what's going on around them.


3. Poor appetite

One of the most prominent symptoms of late leukemia is loss of appetite, as the cancer patient does not care about food and fluids, especially in the final stages


4. Sleep

In the terminal stages, cancer patients sleep most of the day, and it can also be difficult to wake them up as some medications are used to relieve pain.


5. Mucus collecting

Mucus collects in the back of the patient's throat, causing a sound that, although difficult to hear, often does not bother the patient.


6. Difficulty breathing

Some may experience rapid or slow breathing due to poor blood circulation, as some may not breathe at all for periods of 10-30 seconds.


7. Other symptoms

Late symptoms of leukemia include:


Skin color changing to blue.

Bruising or red spots on the skin.

The skin is cold to the touch.

the pallor of the skin;

Dry mouth and lips.

irregular heart rate;

anxiety.

blurred vision

Dark urine and decreased urine output.

hallucinations;

Feeling dizzy or lightheaded.

Loss of bladder and bowel control.

Bleeding, such as frequent nosebleeds, bleeding gums, or heavy menstrual bleeding in women.

Symptoms that require a doctor's visit immediately

After you know the symptoms of late leukemia, you should know that you should consult a doctor immediately if any of the following symptoms appear, such as:


Unexplained bleeding.

high fever;

Epileptic fit.

Recurrent infection.

Ease of bleeding.

Enlarged lymph nodes.

swollen gums;

Enlarged liver or spleen.

big bruises;

rash.

Methods for diagnosing late symptoms of leukemia

Leukemia patients undergo some diagnostic tests, including the following:


1. Physical examination

The doctor looks for physical signs of leukemia, such as pale skin caused by anemia, swollen lymph nodes, and an enlarged liver and spleen.


2. Blood test

A sample of the patient's blood is taken to determine if he or she has abnormal levels of red blood cells, white blood cells, or platelets, which may indicate symptoms of leukemia.

A peripheral blood smear is also performed, which is done by examining a blood sample under a microscope to detect leukemia cells.


3. Bone marrow test

Your doctor recommends taking a sample of bone marrow from your femur using a long, thin needle. The sample is sent to a laboratory to look for leukemia cells.


4. Flow cytometry

Flow cytometry helps determine the type of leukemia a patient has, as blood cells are exposed to antibodies that stick together depending on whether or not cancer is present.

This test also measures the levels of DNA in the cells, which helps detect the potential speed of cancer growth.


5. Imaging examinations

Among the most prominent imaging tests used to diagnose late symptoms of leukemia are the following:

X-ray: To produce simple images by passing radiation through the body.

CT scan: To produce detailed images of the body.

Positron emission tomography (PET) scans: to detect the location of cancer using radioactive material.

MRI: Strong magnetic fields are used to produce detailed images inside the body.

Ultrasound: To determine whether organs or lymph nodes are enlarged.

6. Pulmonary function tests

The doctor resorts to several lung examinations, such as:


Spirometry: To measure the amount and speed of exhaled air.

Lung volume chart: to measure inhaled air and exhaled air force.

Lung diffusion test: It is used to assess how well the lungs absorb oxygen and expel carbon dioxide.

7. Lumbar puncture

A lumbar puncture is used by inserting a needle into the lower back and collecting cerebrospinal fluid to detect the extent of leukemia.

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