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Prostate cancer symptoms and ways to prevent it

 Prostate cancer symptoms and ways to prevent it

Prostate cancer symptoms and ways to prevent it

Prostate cancer symptoms, factors that increase the risk of prostate cancer, and how can prostate cancer be detected? How can prostate cancer be prevented?

The Movember campaign appeared to raise awareness of the danger of prostate cancer in men, which is the most common type of cancer among men, as statistics indicate that the number of people with prostate cancer reached 164,691 cases 

and the number of deaths reached 39,430 cases in 2018 in the United States of America alone, so we will know in this Article about prostate cancer, symptoms of prostate cancer, and how to prevent it.


What is the prostate?

prostate The size of a walnut.

Prostate cancer, it is a slow-growing disease, and the majority of men who develop this type of cancer live for many years without symptoms. Find out early, the higher the chances of a quick recovery.


Prostate cancer symptoms

In the early stages of prostate cancer, the symptoms of the prostate do not appear clearly, but in the advanced stages, symptoms appear through feeling a frequent or sudden need to urinate, in addition to weak urine flow 

and not feeling comfortable when urinating, and the patient can find pieces of blood in the urine or semen, lower back pain, erectile dysfunction, and urinary incontinence.


Factors that increase the risk of prostate cancer

Genetic factors

Genetic factors are the genes inherited from both parents, as any change in these genes can increase the risk of prostate cancer transmission from parent to child, and although prostate cancer cannot be hereditary, a person can inherit genes that increase the chances of exposure to the disease, especially if there is a first-degree relative with prostate cancer.


person's age

Age is an influential factor because prostate cancer depends on age, meaning that the chances of a person developing it increases with age. One in 10,000 men under the age of forty is diagnosed with prostate cancer, and one in 15 men in their sixties is diagnosed with prostate cancer.


Foods that increase the risk of prostate cancer

Eating a lot of processed meat or foods that are high in fat can increase the risk of prostate cancer, as well as the environment and lifestyle that a person leads can increase the chances of developing prostate cancer.


Prostate cancer detection

PSA. examination

The doctor performs a blood test or a physical examination to check the health of the prostate. 

The prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is checked, and if there is an increase in it, the suspicion of prostate cancer increases.


Penis review "DRE"

The doctor checks the size of the prostate and assesses whether there are any abnormalities.

Prostate cancer stages

In the early stage, prostate cancer is very small and is treated by:

Regular check-up

PSA blood levels are checked regularly, but there is no immediate action for this disease because the risk of side effects sometimes outweighs the need for immediate treatment for this slow-growing cancer.


radical excision

The prostate is surgically removed, and traditional surgery requires a hospital stay of up to 10 days and a wait of recovery for at least 3 months.


radiotherapy

Emphasis is placed on radiation in its various forms, whether beams of radiation or radiation of a specific intensity.


Prostate cancer in the late stages:

Prostate cancer is more aggressive and spreads to all parts of the body. In this case, chemotherapy is often recommended because it kills cancer cells in all parts of the body.

Androgen suppression therapy (ADT), a hormone therapy that reduces the effect of androgens (male hormones that can stimulate the growth of cancer), may also be treated, and the patient may need long-term hormonal therapy.


Prostate cancer and fertility

The prostate is directly related to sexual reproduction, and of course, removing it affects semen production and thus fertility. Radiation therapy affects prostate tissue and often reduces the father's ability to have children.

Sperm can be damaged and in this case, it is recommended to save the sperm before surgery to freeze and preserve it so that the patient can then undergo artificial insemination with eggs using them.

How can prostate cancer be prevented?

You can reduce your chances of developing prostate cancer by:

Choose a healthy, fat-free diet, eat plenty of vegetables and fruits, and choose healthy foods instead of supplements, which are rich in vitamins.

Doing exercise daily for at least an hour, because exercise, in general, is beneficial to the body and helps men maintain weight. It also raises the PSA and reduces the chances of men developing cancer.

Maintain regular check-ups with the doctor.

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