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Anemia during pregnancy: causes and risks

Some diseases increase the chances of infection during pregnancy, such as anemia, and it may be small or severe

therefore tests must be done to ensure that the pregnant woman does not suffer from anemia and to quickly start treatment.

Anemia during pregnancy: causes and risks

Anemia during pregnancy: causes and risks

Anemia is one of the diseases that increases the chances of a pregnant woman, which occurs due to not obtaining the appropriate amount of iron during pregnancy. Learn about the most important of this information.

The amount that the body needs without pregnancy is 14.8 mg per day, and it increases during pregnancy to reach about 30 mg in the third trimester of pregnancy, but what happens if it decreases?

How to maintain the body's need for iron during pregnancy?

This can be done by eating more foods that contain iron, and it is not preferable to take nutritional supplements that increase the proportion of iron, except in the case of anemia or anemia.

Iron is found in large amounts in some foods, including:

Poultry, red meat, and fish: are among the most important nutrients that give you the percentage of iron you need during your pregnancy, and the iron in these foods is easily absorbed.

Leafy greens, legumes, and dried fruits: These foods also contain iron, but it's the bloodless type that's hard to absorb.

The solution here is to eat fruits that contain vitamin C, such as oranges, to facilitate the absorption of this type of iron.

On the other hand, there are some types of foods that it is preferable to reduce because they hinder the absorption of iron in the body, most notably:

Coffee and tea: they contain substances that affect the good absorption of iron in the body, and it is preferable to limit drinking coffee and tea or at least avoid them during the times of eating the main meals.

Milk products and their derivatives: Whether milk, yogurt, or yogurt, of course, these products are important and useful for pregnant women, but stay away from them during times of eating iron-rich foods.

Symptoms of anemia during pregnancy

It is not possible to establish basic rules for the symptoms of anemia during pregnancy, as some women do not detect these symptoms because they are very similar to the symptoms of pregnancy.

But in general, anemia leads to these things:

Paleness in the face: signs of fatigue and exhaustion appear on the woman's face, and it tends to turn yellow.

Rapid heart rate: Anemia can cause rapid heartbeats and palpitations in a pregnant woman.

Feeling tired during breathing: the pregnant woman finds it difficult to breathe even if she does not make much effort.

Feeling dizzy: a pregnant woman may experience dizziness from time to time.

Indicators predicting the possibility of anemia

There are some factors that a woman knows that she may develop anemia during her pregnancy, and they are as follows:

Not eating iron-containing foods: her body does not get the required amount of iron needed by the body, and her iron stores decrease.

Heavy periods: Having a heavy period before pregnancy may increase the chances of developing anemia during pregnancy.

Pregnancy at a young age: a woman's body before the age of twenty is more vulnerable to weakness and anemia than other pregnant women.

Pregnancy with more than one child: When pregnant with twins, iron levels drop in the body due to increased blood flow, and this may lead to anemia.

Risks of anemia during pregnancy

In the absence of severe anemia, there is no major concern, you just need to get the right amount of iron, whether with foods or nutritional supplements according to the doctor's recommendations.

If the anemia is severe, you are exposed to some risks, which are:

The fetus does not get enough red blood cells: which are responsible for carrying oxygen from the lung to the child's body, and the child's growth is affected in a normal and healthy manner.

Increasing the chances of premature birth: and entering into early labor, and affects the health of the child when he is born, so he becomes weak and emaciated, and his size is small.

Increased risk of fetal anemia: This is a rare occurrence, and it is very dangerous, as it can lead to problems in the heart of the fetus that may lead to its life.

Treating anemia in pregnant women

If a pregnant woman develops anemia, the doctor will recommend some things to her, including:

Eating healthy food: which mainly contains iron, as we mentioned to you earlier. It also advises you to eat orange juice, which contains vitamin C, and thus facilitates the body's absorption of iron.

Taking iron tablets: It is the direct treatment for anemia during pregnancy, where the doctor prescribes iron-rich tablets to the pregnant woman, which compensate for its deficiency in 

the body and he is also the one who determines the number of times to take them per day according to the patient’s condition, especially since these tablets may cause some side effects for the pregnant woman, Such as:

  • nausea;
  • constipation;
  • Abdominal pain.
  • heartburn.

Therefore, a pregnant woman should not take it without the doctor's instructions, so that these symptoms do not cause more fatigue and stress for the woman during pregnancy.

Iron injections: In the case of severe anemia, or the body’s lack of response to the tablets, the doctor can prescribe iron injections for you, but this happens in some cases where the anemia increases during pregnancy.

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