What is aplastic anemia?

The question of what is aplastic anemia may be somewhat difficult to explain, but in general, it can be said that the answer to the question of what aplastic anemia is summed up in the 

a statement that it is a blood-related disease that is rare, but it is a very serious disease, and in the context of answering what is Aplastic anemia It should be stated that this disease causes 

damage to stem cells, which causes a decrease in the bone marrow production of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets, and it is worth noting that aplastic anemia may appear 

gradually or suddenly, and it can be simple or Very severe, and the low level of blood cells in the body from the normal limit increases the chance of suffering from many 

complications, including bleeding, leukemia, or leukemia, in addition to other blood problems, and leaving the problem of aplastic anemia untreated causes heart problems. Such 

as weakness of the heart muscle, which is also known as heart failure, and arrhythmia as well, and thus the question of what is aplastic anemia has been answered in a nutshell.

Aplastic anemia treatment

Aplastic anemia treatment

Of course, mentioning the treatment is important after answering the question of what is aplastic anemia, and that treatment depends mainly on the severity of the condition that the patient is complaining of. 

In simple cases, monitoring the patient and checking his health from time to time may be sufficient to control the condition, But if the aplastic anemia is moderate, then blood 

transfusion may be required in addition to giving some drug treatment options, and in very severe or serious cases 

the bone marrow transplant option can be the only solution to the problem, and the following is a statement about this

Also, bone marrow transplantation is the basic and radical treatment for patients with aplastic anemia 

but it is preferable to practice this type of treatment with children and young people in their prime of life.

It is also necessary for patients unsuitable for this procedure to treat anemia by transfusion of red blood cells, bacterial infection with antibiotics, and to treat bleeding with platelet transfusion.

Bone marrow transplant risks

To complete the discussion about bone marrow transplantation included in the answer to the question What is aplastic anemia, it is necessary to clarify that this transplantation process 

maybe risky, including the possibility of the body of the future rejecting the stem cells that have been transferred to it, and such a condition is medically known as graft disease against 

The host and the occurrence of this condition can be reduced by ensuring that the tissues are matched before the operation. 

As for the symptoms of this condition, it is often the occurrence of bleeding in the digestive system, rashes 

liver damage, and the risks of bone marrow transplantation in the near term: mucositis, Cystitis, low white blood cell count, pulmonary complications, and infection in general. 

As for the possible long-term risks: they may include infection, and disorders at the level of various body systems, including the endocrine system, skeletal, nervous, and pulmonary 

systems, with the possibility of Suffering from cancers and congestive heart failure, and it is worth noting that bone marrow transplantation is not popular with those over the age of fifty, knowing that some of them performed it smoothly and without severe complications.

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