Brain cancer symptoms and treatment

A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of cells in the brain that may be benign or malignant. Benign tumors do not contain cancer cells, and once removed, they rarely grow back. 

However, benign brain tumors can cause serious health problems, and they can turn malignant. 

Malignant brain tumors are cancerous, grow rapidly, attack surrounding tissue, and are usually life-threatening.

Brain cancer symptoms and treatment

Types of brain tumors

Primary brain tumors: These are tumors that begin in the brain, and are classified according to the area in which they begin to grow inside the brain or by the cells that they infect.

Secondary brain tumors: caused by cancer that originates elsewhere in the body, such as the lung for example, but spreads to the brain. This is also known as metastatic brain cancer.

Causes of brain tumors

The cause of brain tumors has not been established, but they are more common in people over the age of 60 (although brain tumors are the second most common cancer in children 

after leukemia), and they are more common in males (meningiomas are the only types of cancer). which was found to affect females more than males).

Risk factors that increase the chance of developing brain tumors:

Exposure to high doses of X-rays used in radiotherapy to the brain.

Some rare genetic conditions increase the chance of developing brain tumors such as neurofibromatosis, von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, Li-Fraumeni syndrome, and Turcot's syndrome.

brain tumor symptoms

Headache (severe in the morning).


Blurred or changed vision.

Muscle cramps or spasms.

Change in ability to speak.

Difficulty swallowing.

difficulty concentrating

Memory problems.

Change in mood or personality.

Fatigue and lethargy.

Brain Tumor Diagnostic Test

 A complete physical and neurological examination for vision, hearing, muscle reactions, coordination of movement, and sensation, in addition to other neurological functions.

 Magnetic resonance image.

 Brain tomography image.

 Spinal fluid (CSF) examination.

Taking a biopsy through surgery or a needle to obtain some tissue for examination in the laboratory

Brain tumor treatment at King Hussein Cancer Center

Brain tumors are treated at KHCC by a specialized team of neurosurgeons, radiologists, oncologists, neurologists, and other specialists. Depending on the type and stage of the brain tumor, treatment may include surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy.

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