Heart failure has serious complications. Here are the causes, symptoms, and treatment

Heart failure occurs when the heart muscle loses its ability to pump blood adequately, as a result of a defect in the heart arteries or high blood pressure.

Heart failure has serious complications. Here are the causes, symptoms, and treatment

The "Consulto" reviews everything you need to know about heart failure, according to the "very well health" and "mayo clinic" sites, as follows:

Causes of heart failure

- Previous heart attacks.

Congenital heart defects.

- Hypertension.

Coronary artery stenosis.


Symptoms of heart failure

Shortness of breath when making any effort.

Shortness of breath when lying down and sleeping.

Swelling in the legs and ankles.

Rapid heart rate.

Irregular heartbeat.

Constant coughing.

Abdominal swelling.

An increased need to urinate at night.

Rapid weight gain.

- pain in the chest.

Constant feeling of nausea.

Difficulty concentrating.

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Complications of heart failure

Neglecting the previous symptoms and not going to the doctor and receiving appropriate treatment leads to the emergence of serious complications that delay the treatment response, including:

Severe chest pain resulting in shortness of breath.

Frequent fainting.

- Heart attack.

Heart failure prevention

The effects of heart failure can be reduced by adopting healthy habits that promote heart health and prevent complications, including:

Eat fat-free food.

Reducing salts and sugars.

Sleeping enough hours.

Maintaining walking is one of the necessary sports for heart patients.

- Stay away from smoking.

Measure your blood pressure periodically, and take the prescribed medication.

Heart failure treatment

The treatment of heart failure is to treat the causes that led to it, whether by drug therapy or surgical intervention by changing the heart valves, installing stents, or expanding and wiping the arteries.

Adjust the level of blood pressure.

Take diuretics to reduce fluid buildup in the body.

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