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The normal blood sugar level. Your guide to controlling it

Diabetes is one of the most prevalent chronic diseases around the world and the development of its complications depends on controlling its level in the blood, and avoiding its rise for long periods because this may cause serious complications that may reach heart attacks or strokes.

The normal blood sugar level. Your guide to controlling it

The patient with diabetes must know the level of sugar in the blood to control it to avoid its rise, so we review in the following lines the normal range of blood sugar level, and instructions to avoid high blood sugar level, according to “webmd” and “my.clevelandclinic.”

Normal range of blood sugar level

Dr. Mustafa Yahya, a consultant in internal medicine and diabetes, and the British Diabetes Association, said that the normal rate of sugar in random blood ranges between 120: 126, and if the level of random blood sugar measurement with abstaining from food for 8 hours exceeds 126, or the fast after eating a meal Less than 200, in this case the person can be classified as having diabetes.

The accurate normal diabetes measurement should be as follows:

- Before eating less than 100 mg/dL for a healthy person.

It should be between 80-130 mg/dL for diabetics.

Less than 140 mg/dL 1-2 hours after eating and less than 180 mg/dL for diabetics.

As for the normal range of the cumulative sugar level, that is, the measurement of sugar in the blood 3 months ago, and if its level exceeds 6.5, the person is classified as diabetic.

Dangers of high blood sugar

The high level of sugar in the blood above the normal range and its continued rise for long periods, affects the efficiency of the arteries, and threatens to cause the following complications:

Vision problems, it may cause cataracts, high eye pressure, retinopathy.

Increased chances of heart disease.

Increased chances of kidney problems.

Feet problems as it may affect blood flow and may cause nerve damage, causing cuts, scrapes or sores to heal slowly.

Nerve damage, which is called diabetic neuropathy.

Increased chances of developing skin problems such as yeast infection, itching, brown or scaly patches.

Erection problems Men with diabetes may be at risk of sexual problems.

How can diabetes complications be prevented?

Diabetes complications can be prevented by controlling the normal range of blood sugar levels, by following several habits, including:

Maintain a blood sugar level between 70:130 before meals, and less than 180 two hours after the start of the meal.

Monitoring the cumulative sugar rate periodically, paying attention to the level of blood pressure and cholesterol.

Undergo regular check-ups to check the health of the eyes, heart, kidneys, and arteries.

Avoid smoking as much as possible because it damages blood flow and causes high blood pressure.

Protecting the eyes by conducting an annual examination to look for any diseases or problems caused by diabetes in the eye.

Examine the feet periodically to look for any cuts, ulcers, scratches, blisters, nails, redness or swelling. After washing the feet, dry them well.

Pay attention to moisturizing the skin periodically.

Exercising regularly to maintain blood sugar levels.

Follow a balanced diet rich in nutrients, including vitamins useful to strengthen immunity, and useful fibers to control the level of sugar in the blood.

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