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Type 2 diabetes is a type of diabetes that leads to a high level of glucose in the blood, and it occurs as a result of resistance in the cells of the body to the hormone insulin or insufficient amount of insulin produced in the pancreas 

as a result of several factors, the most important of which are weight gain and lack of physical activity. 

It is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes and adult diabetes.

type 2 diabetes

In this type of diabetes, the pancreas produces a normal amount of insulin and perhaps also more than usual, but it is not enough for the body or there is resistance by the cells to insulin, so it is no longer able to affect it, and thus enter glucose from the blood to it. 

This leads to a buildup of glucose in the blood and an increase in its levels.

This type differs from type 1 diabetes, in which the pancreas stops producing insulin as a result of the body's immune system destroying the hormone-producing beta cells in the pancreas. 

In type 2 diabetes, the beta cells produce insulin normally, and they may produce a larger amount, but it is not enough to metabolize glucose in the body.

Therefore, the doctor usually begins the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes by making the patient lose weight, exercise, and modify his lifestyle, that is, change the factors that lead to the occurrence of the disease, and this explains why this disease is called non-insulin-dependent diabetes.

injection

If the patient fails to change his eating habits, reduce his weight and increase his physical activity, and the sugar level has not decreased despite the previous changes, he will move to other treatment options that eventually reach to give insulin injections.

Type 2 diabetes usually occurs after the mid-forties, but rates of infection are currently increasing steadily among young people, young adults, and even children, which is due to the increase in obesity rates in society.

Although scientists have not yet been able to fully understand the cause of type 2 diabetes, there are several factors associated with this:

Overweight and obesity.

Lack of physical activity and lethargy.

If a person has fat collecting in his stomach (that is, he has a clear rumen), this makes him more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, compared to people who have fat distributed on the thighs and hips.

Heredity, as the risk of the disease, increases if one of the parents, or both, or one of the siblings has type 2 diabetes.

Symptoms

  • exhaustion.
  • Low weight.
  • Constant thirst.
  • frequent urination.
  • Constant hunger.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Slowing the wound healing process.

Complications

Uncontrolled diabetes, whether type 2 or type 1, leads to a range of complications that can be reduced by controlling blood sugar levels through diet, exercise, weight control, and treatment. Complications include: 

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