What is the normal sugar level? And ways to maintain it

The normal blood sugar level is closely related to the amount of glucose/sugar present in the blood. 

The normal range for normal blood sugar levels before eating or fasting for adults without diabetes ranges from 72-99 mg/dL, while the fasting rate for those who are being treated ranges from 72 to 99 mg/dl. For type 1 or type 2 diabetes 80-130 mg/dL.

What is the normal sugar level? And ways to maintain it

According to the American Diabetes Association, normal blood sugar levels before and after eating should be 80-130 mg/dL before eating a (fasting) meal, and less than 180 mg/dL about 1-2 hours after eating a moderately sugary meal.

For people without diabetes, the blood sugar range is 140 mg/dL or more while for those who are being treated for diabetes, the rate starts at 180 mg/dL, called hypoglycemia.

Are high blood sugar levels dangerous?

Yes, blood sugar levels can be dangerous. Although high blood sugar levels usually result in symptoms of excessive urination, extreme thirst, hunger, and weight loss, over time these high blood sugar levels can cause paresthesia in the lower extremities and/or loss of feeling 

blurry vision and a tendency to be more susceptible to infections and many other medical problems including kidney and eye damage, heart attack, and stroke.

Very high blood sugar levels (eg, 1,000 mg/dL) can cause diabetic ketoacidosis, which can lead to unconsciousness and possible death. 

Treatment of hyperglycemia is excessively dependent on intravenous fluids and insulin.

Are low blood sugar levels dangerous?

Yes, symptoms of low blood sugar can cause problems such as hunger, nervousness, sweating, dizziness, and even confusion. 

If left untreated, low blood sugar can lead to unconsciousness, seizures, coma, or death.

Blood sugar levels are as low as 70 mg/dL or less. People with diabetes who take a lot of medication (insulin) or take the usual amount but eat less food or exercise more than usual can develop hypoglycemia. in the blood.

Some people may have hypoglycemia without being diabetic when they take medications, have excessive alcohol consumption, develop severe hepatitis, or develop a rare tumor of the pancreas (which secretes insulin).

The treatment for hypoglycemia is to take glucose by mouth (15 grams of sugar, for example, 1 tablespoon of sugar, honey, corn syrup, or intravenous fluids containing glucose, and recheck blood sugar levels about 15 minutes after treatment.

What can you do to manage your blood sugar levels?

Don't eat foods that are high in carbohydrates and sugar like potatoes, butter, fatty foods, candy, and sugary sweets like cake, so adjusting your diet is a key step in your diabetes control.

Use the blood glucose test kit to get your glucose test results. In addition, record any change in symptoms over time. 

The logbook will enable you and your doctor to adjust treatments (for example, how much insulin to take) and actions to get The best treatment for your diabetes.

Exercise and diet help reduce the risk of developing diabetes and other health problems.

How is blood sugar diagnosed?

Diabetes is diagnosed by any of the following:

Two consecutive blood glucose tests equal 126 mg/dL

Random blood glucose tests greater than 200 mg/dL

A1c test equal to or greater than 6.5 percent; A1c is an easy blood test that gives a three-month average blood sugar.

2-hour oral glucose tolerance test with any value greater than 200 mg/dL

Sometimes you may have symptoms of fatigue, excessive urination or thirst, or unplanned weight loss, however, often some people who do not have symptoms of high blood sugar find their diabetes diagnosis surprising.

Maintaining a normal blood sugar level

People with diabetes need to be especially careful to keep blood glucose levels steady, but those without diabetes should follow healthy lifestyle habits to avoid an increased risk of developing the condition.

glycemic index

The glycemic index can help people choose foods that won't cause their blood sugar levels to fluctuate.

The index gives a value to each food, and foods that cause blood sugar levels to rise dramatically, such as candy, cake, and fast food, are high on the glycemic index.

healthy lifestyle tips

Lifestyle choices can often help control blood sugar as follows:

Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables, maintaining a healthy weight, and getting at least 150 minutes of moderate to vigorous exercise each week can help.

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