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 Cholera is a disease that affects the small intestine and causes severe diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration.

Learn about cholera clearly

The bacteria Vibrio cholera is the cause of cholera. It thrives in polluted water and can be passed from person to person through contaminated food or drink.

Cholera symptoms usually begin suddenly with cramps, diarrhea, and vomiting but can also include fever, headaches, and a dry cough. If untreated, cholera can lead to death within hours.

Cholera can occur at any time of year but is most common during hot weather when people are more likely to drink contaminated water or swim in public places. 

It is also spread by contaminated shellfish, particularly oysters found near the coast of Asia, Africa, and South America where it has been an ongoing problem for centuries.

Infection control measures must be taken before setting up a camp or residence in an area where there have been cases of cholera reported within recent weeks or months:

All water sources must be boiled (or used for hygiene purposes) before consumption;

If possible, use bottled water;

Food preparation surfaces should be cleaned thoroughly after contact with raw foods (such as fish);

Sensitive individuals may need to avoid eating raw

Cholera: Is It Really a Scary Disease?

What do you know about cholera? 

Is it really a serious disease as we imagine? 

Or has it become a disease that can be easily dealt with now?

Cholera is one of the diseases that killed many people in ancient times, so what do you need to know about the disease? Here's the full guide here:

Causes of cholera

A particular strain of bacteria called Vibrio cholerae causes cholera. When these bacteria enter the digestive system, they produce highly toxic substances when they reach the intestines.

The bacteria may reach a person as a result of eating foods or drinks contaminated with cholera bacteria, such as vegetables and fruits whose peels contain bacteria, or if they have been irrigated with contaminated water.

These toxic substances, when bound to the inner walls of the intestine, are:

It disrupts the normal flow of sodium and chloride.

It stimulates the body to expel large amounts of water from inside, and this appears in the form of diarrhea.

It is worth noting that cholera bacteria are not transmitted from one person to another through touch, unlike some other bacterial diseases, such as typhoid.

Risk factors and chances of getting cholera

Some factors increase the chances of getting cholera, and these are the most important:

Unclean environment.

A deficiency in stomach acids, such as cholera bacteria, cannot live in an acidic environment.

The presence of sick people in the surrounding environment.

People with blood type O, although this is strange and the cause is not yet clear.

Symptoms of cholera

In many cases, people exposed to cholera have no symptoms, and in many cases, the patient does not know that he is infected, as the bacteria may be expelled through the feces without symptoms within 14 days.

Symptoms of cholera appear only in 10% of infected people within 2-3 days of infection, and these are some of the visible symptoms:

  • sudden diarrhea
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Slight or moderate dryness.
  • Rapid weight loss.

The real danger here lies in the severity of the dehydration that the patient may suffer from, as dehydration may cause the following things:

  • Extreme tiredness and fatigue.
  • mood swings
  • Excessive thirst and dry mouth.
  • Urinating less often than usual.
  • Arrhythmia.
  • Reduction of Blood pressure.

Low levels of minerals in the blood, may cause muscle spasms.

Children usually have the same symptoms as adults, with additional symptoms that may include:

  • Severe dizziness and lightheadedness.
  • fever and high temperature;
  • coma.

cholera treatment

These are some of the traditional treatment methods used to treat cholera:

  1. Treat dehydration with special salts taken orally.
  2. Treatment of rehydration via intravenous serum.
  3. Antibiotics.
  4. Zinc supplement.

Although the use of antidiarrheals may seem obvious, it is not recommended to use them here because diarrhea that occurs helps to expel bacteria from the body through the waste.

Cholera can be fatal if it causes a very rapid loss of fluids and salts from the body, sometimes with death within 2-3 hours.

Cholera prevention

If you are about to travel to a place where cholera is common, take the following precautions and precautions:

  • Wash hands well.
  • Drink only mineral or boiled water.
  • Avoid eating contaminated foods.
  • Avoid eating dairy products.
  • Eat only fruits and vegetables that you have peeled.
  • Make sure to eat well-cooked food and avoid eating raw food, including salads.

finally

For over a thousand years, cholera was known as one of the most devastating diseases that a human being could get. 

It killed millions in densely populated cities like London and New York. And it can still kill thousands of people every year. 

\But luckily for everyone, modern medicine has made dramatic steps towards bringing this disease under control. 

Now, before you scoff at the idea that anything could be 'lucky' about cholera, you might be surprised to learn that there are plenty of ways that you can catch it from something seemingly innocuous. 

So how can you protect yourself from cholera? 

And what should you do if someone you love does start suffering from symptoms?

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