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Learn about the main causes of anemia in women

Causes of anemia in women

Anemia can be defined as a health condition in which the blood lacks an adequate amount of red blood cells responsible for transporting oxygen to different tissues and cells of the 

body, but what is the reason behind this condition in women in particular and men in general? Follow the following article to learn about the main causes of anemia in women.

Learn about the main causes of anemia in women

Causes of anemia in women

The causes of anemia in women and even men include the following: 

Iron deficiency anemia

Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common causes of anemia in women, especially during pregnancy or as a result of heavy menstrual bleeding. 

This type occurs as a result of the body's inability to produce enough hemoglobin needed to help red blood cells transport oxygen to the various cells of the body.

Excessive use of some types of medication

Excessive use of certain medications, such as over-the-counter pain relievers, such as aspirin, can increase the chance of developing inflammation of the stomach lining, which may result in the body losing a large amount of blood.

The body does not get enough vitamins

To produce an adequate amount of red blood cells, the body needs several other vitamins, such as folate and vitamin B12. 

Some people have a deficiency in these vitamins or an inability to absorb vitamin B12. This type of anemia is referred to as pernicious anemia.

infection

Some chronic diseases can negatively affect the body's ability to produce red blood cells, the most prominent of these diseases are:

  • cancer.
  • human immunodeficiency virus (AIDS).
  • Rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Kidney disease.
  • Crohn's disease.

Blood marrow disease

Some chronic diseases can affect the body's ability to produce blood and as a result anemia, the most prominent of these diseases are bone marrow fibrosis and leukemia.

hemolytic anemia

A condition in which red blood cells are destroyed faster than they are replaced by the bone marrow.

Sickle cell anemia

This type of anemia is a genetic disease that is transmitted through heredity. This type of anemia causes the death of abnormal red blood cells early, resulting in a significant decrease in red blood cells.

Risk factors for anemia in women

Some factors can increase the risk of anemia in women, the most prominent of which are: 

Pregnancy, if you are pregnant and do not use supplements rich in iron and folic acids during pregnancy, the chance of developing anemia is high. 

In general, women during pregnancy need 50% more iron than usual.

Length of menstruation period, some women or even girls between the ages of 12 to 49 years suffer from the length of the menstrual cycle or heavy bleeding during this period, this group of women is more likely to develop anemia.

Slow and chronic blood loss, occurs as a result of uterine fibroids or the use of intrauterine contraceptives for birth control.

Family history. If someone in your family has sickle cell anemia, your chance of developing the disease increases many times.

Age. Women over 65 years of age are more likely to develop anemia.

Complications of anemia in women

Leaving anemia untreated may lead to serious complications that affect your general health, the following are the most prominent of these complications: 

Accelerated or irregular heartbeat. Anemia causes the heart to pump more blood to replace the amount of oxygen in the body, which may result in an irregular heartbeat and serious problems such as heart failure.

Complications for pregnant women: Iron deficiency during a pregnant woman can affect the health of the fetus, such as the baby being born prematurely or being born with a low birth weight.

Anemia prevention

You can protect yourself from iron deficiency anemia by following the following tips and instructions: 

Get an adequate amount of foods and drinks that enhance the absorption of iron in the blood, such as foods rich in vitamin C such as oranges, strawberries, broccoli, and others.

Avoid caffeinated drinks such as coffee and tea with food, as these drinks hinder the absorption of iron in the body.

Ensure that you follow a healthy, balanced diet rich in iron and other vitamins that the body needs.

Treatment of the cause of anemia, consult a doctor about the best treatment for heavy menstruation or any other problems that cause anemia.

Calcium pills Calcium can interfere with iron absorption Be sure to consult your doctor about how you can get enough calcium.

Iron deficiency anemia is one of the most common conditions in women. If you notice any symptoms of anemia, be sure to consult a doctor to get the necessary treatment. 

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