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Learn about the main types of eating disorders

 If you answered “yes” to two or more of the questions, you may have an eating disorder. Eating disorders are serious mental illnesses that involve either extreme overeating or not eating enough food. 

Eating disorders affect people of all ages, genders, races, and sizes. If you think you may have an eating disorder, don’t hesitate to get help from your doctor, therapist, or another mental health professional.

Learn about the main types of eating disorders

Types of eating disorders:

Types of eating disorders: Eating disorder

Anorexia nervosa is a disorder characterized by significant loss of body weight and shape.

People of this type follow a severe diet for fear of gaining weight and are so fearful that they limit their food intake and exercise excessively.

Types of eating disorder: bulimia nervosa

In cases of bulimia nervosa, a person consumes a lot of food in a short period, and then people experience embarrassment, shame, and guilt as a result of consuming large quantities 

of food, so they resort to some compulsive behaviors to empty food, which may include fasting, vomiting, and using laxatives.

Types of eating disorder: Binge eating disorder

Binge eating disorder usually lasts for a long time, and people with this condition often continue to eat even after they have eaten all their main meals, and it is excessive, that is, more than the limit of satiety, and significantly leads to weight gain.

In this type of eating disorder, people begin to eat more than they should and more quickly than usual and prefer to eat alone because they feel guilty and ashamed of the amount of food they consume.

Bulimia episodes occur once a week for 3 months. In this type of eating disorder, people usually do not resort to compulsive eating methods such as bulimia nervosa.

Types of eating disorder: Food avoidance disorder

Food avoidance disorder occurs when a person avoids or limits the food they normally consume, causing them to lose a lot of weight.

It occurs due to several factors or previous negative events, such as a bout of suffocation and people have symptoms such as anxiety, vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, and allergic reaction, and a person who avoids food suffers from malnutrition, 

he may need nutritional supplements in some Sometimes to make up for the lack of vitamins and essential nutrients.

Types of eating disorder: pica disorder

Pica or cravings disorder is a subtype of eating disorder that occurs when a person eats non-food items for at least one month.

Among the materials that a person ingests: are soap, cloth, hair, chalk, talcum powder, and other materials.

Types of eating disorder: rumination disorder

Rumination disorder is a type of digestive disorder that occurs when the contents of food are refluxed into the mouth after it has been eaten either by re-swallowing, chewing, or spitting out for at least one month.

This condition is often misdiagnosed as vomiting or gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Types of eating disorders: Unspecified type

This type of eating disorder occurs in individuals who do not meet the requirements for the other eating disorders mentioned earlier.

Affected individuals display extremely disturbed eating patterns, disturbances in body shape, and an intense fear of gaining weight, and may negatively affect social life, work, and family relationships.

Types of eating disorder: similarities

The similarity between all types of eating disorders is that they all may co-occur with other mental disorders, such as anxiety disorders, substance abuse problems, and others.

The degree of severity of eating disorders may vary until it reaches death if the patient does not respond to treatment and adhere to it. 

Therefore, you should consult your doctor and not neglect these disorders and share all behaviors with him, the number of times, and their severity so that the doctor can assess the severity of the risk and develop a treatment plan accordingly.

Causes of eating disorders

Eating disorders are a complex set of conditions that can arise from a variety of different causes. 

While there is no single cause of eating disorders, they are often the result of a combination of biological, psychological, and social factors.  

Eating disorders often develop in response to a perceived need to conform to a certain body type or weight, as dictated by society or other external pressure. 

Individuals with eating disorders may also have difficulty coping with difficult life transitions or events, such as puberty, the death of a loved one, or bullying.

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