Learn about the most important grape varieties in the universe

Grapes are a member of the rose family, and they grow on vines. There are many types of grapes, including table grapes, wine grapes, raisins, and juice grapes. 

Grapes are among the oldest cultivated fruits.

Learn about the most important grape varieties in the universe

Grape Cultivation

Grape cultivation began in ancient Persia around 5000 B.C., where wild vines were cross-bred with domesticated vines to create a new type of grapevine. 

The earliest known record of grape cultivation comes from ancient China around 3000 B.C., where it was used to make wine. 

The Romans grew grapes in their vineyards, but during the Middle Ages, they were primarily grown as an ornamental plant or for their shade tree value in gardens and parks.

Grapes have been grown in Europe since at least 3200 B.C. when they were first mentioned in writings from ancient Greece and Rome as well as by other cultures throughout Asia and Africa. 

By 1000 A.D., there were over 100 varieties of grapes being cultivated around the world for domestic use or for export to other countries where there was a demand for them (e.g., India). 

During the Middle Ages, when wine production declined due to religious prohibitions against alcohol consumption

table grape varieties

Al-Qadri nurseries work to multiply and preserve the original local varieties, always strive to provide the new varieties required locally and abroad, and keep pace and provide 

improved varieties that facilitate the production process for the farms and make them more economically feasible. Examples of these varieties are:

  • Municipal grapes (Ajlouni / Salti)
  • Zinni grapes
  • dervish grapes
  • sweet grapes
  • Shami grapes
  • Beiruti grapes
  • Kabuki grapes
  • Superior Grape
  • Thomson Seedless grapes
  • Crimson grapes
  • Early sweet grapes
  • Prime grapes
  • Flame Seedless grapes
  • King Ruby Grape (Ruby Seidels)
  • Summer Royal grapes

The health benefits of grapes

The health benefits of grapes include being a source of antioxidants and vitamins A and C. Grapes are also an excellent source of iron, fiber, potassium, and magnesium.

Antioxidants: These compounds help protect against free radicals, which are molecules that can damage cells in the body. 

The most abundant antioxidant in grapes is quercetin, which has been shown to have anti-inflammatory effects.

Vitamin A: Grapes contain beta-carotene, which converts to vitamin A when eaten raw or cooked. 

Vitamin A supports eye health and skin health while also helping to maintain healthy bones.

Vitamin C: An antioxidant that supports immune function as well as cell growth and repair. Additionally, vitamin C helps protect against heart disease by lowering blood pressure and reducing inflammation in the arteries.

Fiber: Fiber is essential for digestive health because it helps move food through the digestive system more efficiently by absorbing water and bile acids that break down fats in the body (1). 

Fiber also helps regulate blood sugar levels by slowing the rate at which carbohydrates are absorbed into the bloodstream (2).

Potassium: Potassium is an electrolyte that helps regulate blood pressure by helping maintain fluid balance in your body (3).


With so many wine-producing countries in the world, it can be difficult to make sense of them all. 

This ranking gives you a quick breakdown of the most important grape varieties in the universe, from classic European grapes such as Cabernet Sauvignon and Riesling to New World varieties like Syrah and Arneis. 

Wine expert Elizabeth Smith provides a methodical explanation of what makes each grape variety unique and some great suggestions on where to pair it with food.

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