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Learn how to protect your skin during winter

 the skin is the largest organ of the body. Its main function is to protect internal organs and to make them visible. 

The skin also serves an important sensory function, with its many nerve endings that detect touch, temperature, pain, and pressure. 

Learn how to protect your skin during winter

The skin is composed of three layers: the outermost layer called the epidermis; an inner layer called the dermis; a middle layer called the hypodermis. 

The epidermis contains hair follicles and sebaceous glands that produce sweat (sweat contains salt), which helps regulate body temperature by acting as a detergent in removing water from the body. 

The dermis contains blood vessels, nerve endings, and fat cells. The hypodermis contains connective tissue or adipose tissue that stores energy as triglycerides (fats).

How do we protect our skin during the winter?!

In research conducted by one of the companies concerned with the field, it was found that about 14% of the public suffer from dry skin, while the percentage of women suffering from this phenomenon in particular, as it was higher than that of men.

Also, it was found from this research that about 25% of the participants suffer from seasonal drought, which is especially pronounced during the winter season and the transitional stages between different seasons. 

Even people who do not suffer from any special problems said that they suffer from dryness in the face, hands, and feet during the winter.

The specialist dermatologist says:

"During the period of dry weather and low humidity, it is very important to prepare properly to prevent the skin from drying out, by applying moisturizing products in advance." 

She adds, "Dryness during the winter season appears mainly on the skin of the face, hands, and legs because these parts of the body are the most vulnerable to weather damage. 

But this does not mean that there is no great importance in protecting the rest of the body parts and giving their skin destiny." Adequate daily hydration. 

The environmental conditions during the winter affect the fatty layer that protects the skin and causes the inner layers of the skin to lose water. 

The skin becomes red in color, and it shrinks and shrinks, and the person begins to feel stinging and burning, in a state of discomfort, and even itching and cracks. 

In some severe and abnormal cases, this situation is accompanied by severe itching, which may lead to secondary infection. 

The severity of dry skin increases during the winter period for people who suffer from skin problems during the rest of the year, namely: 

children and adults with sensitive and dry skin, Or those who suffer from dehydration diseases such as (atopic dermatitis)."

Here are some tips from our dermatologist:

protection:

It is important to moisturize the skin all the time. The most sensitive part is the palms of the hands, so it is desirable to apply hand cream (moisturizing) after each time we wash them. You can keep a packet of hand cream nearby and rub your hands several times a day.

You should choose a type of cream that is well absorbed by the skin since a non-absorbable cream is not effective.

Water and shower:

When there is constant contact between skin and water, skin tends to dry out more. It's a good idea to shorten your shower time and forego spending a lot of time in a bathtub full of soap during the winter. 

Also, it is better to shower during the winter with lukewarm water and not with very hot water, and it is useful to reduce the use of soap as much as possible.

You can use moisturizing products rich in moisturizing cream. After bathing, it is desirable to dry the body gently, and not rub it with the towel hard, to prevent cases of skin irritation.

After showering, it is desirable to apply moisturizing cream to the body, especially sensitive areas, and to refrain from using alcohol-containing products.

When the skin becomes dry:

Sometimes, we reach a state of severe itching and touching the skin. In addition to looking rough and scaly, itching causes our skin to break in a way that can allow bacteria and other pollutants to enter our bodies.

When we reach such cases, it is desirable to use preparations containing "urea" combined with "ammonium lactate".

Urea helps retain water within the layers of the skin, which contributes to maintaining moisture for a longer time.

And we must always remember, that if these treatments are not useful, we must immediately go to the dermatologist to receive the appropriate medical treatment.

At home or at work:

Low humidity levels in the air are one of the main causes of dry skin. Therefore, it is very important to try to avoid or reduce exposure to wind and cold as much as possible, as well 

as sharp changes in temperature, or excessive heating and drying with an air conditioner and a warm air fan. 

It is desirable to use a humidifier, which releases a large amount of moisture into the room space.

finally

To protect your skin from freezing cold weather, there are several things you should do. First, prepare an at-home moisturizing face mask. 

Choose a rich cream such as Vaseline, lanolin, or beeswax and apply it on your face after cleansing but before bedtime. 

If you have sensitive skin, avoid using large amounts of Vaseline and opt for a creamy eye cream instead. 

Avoid using scrubs on your face this winter as well to prevent potential irritation. If you must exfoliate, consider doing so with a creamy scrub that contains botanical ingredients or jojoba beads instead. 

You may also want to consider applying argan or rosehip oil to seal in moisture overnight. The oils will keep the skin supple while increasing elasticity and reducing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. 

You can also drink plenty of water in the winter to hydrate your skin from the inside out.

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