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What is psychological anorexia? Find out the answer now

 How does the psychological loss of appetite occur?

Psychological loss of appetite is a common symptom of several conditions, including depression and anorexia nervosa. 

It can also be a side effect of medications, such as antidepressants, antipsychotics, and blood pressure drugs.

What is psychological anorexia? Find out the answer now

Psychological loss of appetite occurs when the brain tells your body that it doesn't need food. This can happen for many different reasons:

Depression: Depression is associated with poor eating habits and low levels of physical activity. 

As a result, people with depression often lose weight or gain weight too quickly. The lack of appetite caused by depression may be temporary or permanent depending on how severe the depression is.

Anorexia nervosa: Anorexia nervosa is a serious psychological condition in which people refuse to eat enough food or exercise regularly. 

They may also avoid having sex, which reduces their risk of getting pregnant and increases their risk of developing osteoporosis later on in life if they do not become pregnant soon after they recover from anorexia nervosa. 

People who suffer from anorexia nervosa may experience psychological loss of appetite due to their obsessive thoughts about food and weight loss.

Psychogenic anorexia: definition

Psychogenic anorexia is a type of eating disorder characterized by low body weight and abnormal food restriction behaviors in people with the disorder.

This type of eating disorder affects women more than men, but men also may suffer from this disorder, which has two main forms: the first is the restriction of eating habits and excessive exercise, and the second form is through binge eating and getting rid of it.

Psychological loss of appetite: causes

The main cause of psychological anorexia is not specific and unknown so far, but many risk factors may lead to psychological anorexia, including the following:

Imbalance of some hormones in the body.

genetic disorder

Social barriers favor thinness as a desirable trait.

External environmental factors, such as the onset of puberty, social relationships, and other events.

Psychological factors, including the aspiration to reach the full body, which is accompanied by anxiety and depression.

Psychological anorexia: Symptoms

A person suffering from psychological anorexia is not satisfied with his food choices and his physical appearance, and this usually leads to severe weight loss, and the sharp and rapid weight loss and fear of weight gain are the most important symptoms of this group.

Other symptoms appear in people with psychological anorexia, such as:

  • vomiting;
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Skin discoloration.
  • Tired.
  • constipation;
  • hair loss;
  • Low blood pressure.

Psychogenic anorexia: Diagnosis

According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and in the fifth edition, a person has psychotic anorexia if he has four criteria, which are:

A person with psychological anorexia refuses to gain any weight, including the minimum weight according to height and age, which in this case leads to a decrease in the person's body weight by 15% less than expected.

A person with psychogenic anorexia fears being overweight or obese.

A person with psychogenic anorexia suffers from a disturbance in the perception of body weight and shape, and a lack of confidence in how people perceive their weight and body shape despite the low weight.

Psychogenic anorexia in females accompanies menopause.

Psychological anorexia: treatment

Although the standard treatment of psychological anorexia is psychotherapy and nutritional intervention, where the doctor advises eating foods rich in magnesium and zinc and avoiding caffeinated drinks, there are also other ways, including 

psychopharmacological treatments that will accelerate the process of weight gain and reduction weight. Symptoms and abnormal psychological behaviors.

Psychological anorexia: Complications

Many complications of anorexia nervosa are caused by weight loss and malnutrition, and the most common types of these complications include circulatory disorders associated with anorexia and hypothermia.

Among the complications that accompany the lack of treatment or delay in the treatment of psychological anorexia are the following:

  • Anemia.
  • Imbalance of body salts, such as sodium and potassium.
  • Kidney problems.
  • Weakness and osteoporosis, and thus an increased risk of fractures.

Death suddenly in the absence of these symptoms, as studies indicate that the mortality rate among patients is six times higher than the mortality rate of the general population.

There is no guarantee that psychological anorexia can be prevented, however, it can be prevented by identifying the early signs of the disease and if the disease is diagnosed, it is advised to consult a doctor and not neglect any abnormal symptoms to avoid the worst.

finally

The idea of psychological anorexia is fairly new, and more research still needs to be done to determine exactly how it works. 

However, we do have some important information that tells us what to look for. It is also promising that more research is being conducted, and if the progress keeps up, we might soon have a clearer understanding of psychological anorexia.

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